Q. 1: The central point in the first paragraph is that the economic benefits of the Olympic Games
A) are shared equally among the three organising committees
B) accrue mostly through revenue from advertisements and ticket sales
C) accrue to host cities, if at all, only in the long term
D) are usually eroded by expenditure incurred by the host city
Correct Answer:- C Explanation:-
Whether the “lion’s share” mentioned in the first paragraph is divided equally among the three organising committees or not is beside the point as far as the passage is concerned, so (1) is ruled out. Sources of revenue, whether from ‘ticket sales’ or “advertisements” or both, are not even mentioned in the first paragraph, so (2) is also ruled out. The discouraging view in (4) is not reflected in the first paragraph. The passage mentions that “The trick is converting … a basis for long-term economic returns”, which is specifically found in (3).
Correct Answer:- A Explanation:-
(2) is suspect, because nowhere is it mentioned that the sports facilities in question are located away from the city centre. Indifference on the part of authorities, as suggested by (2), is not reflected in the passage, so (3) is also ruled out. The passage also does not mention that the sports facilities get outdated due to poor planning, so (4) is ruled out. The passage mentions the sports facilities in Beijing and Sydney in the context of the large scale of an Olympic stadium and the huge operating costs to maintain it. Thus, (1) is the answer. Choice (1)
Q. 3: The author feels that the Games place a burden on the host city for all of the following reasons EXCEPT that
A) they divert scarce urban land from more productive uses
B) they involve the demolition of residential structures to accommodate sports facilities and infrastructure
C) the finances used to fund the Games could be better used for other purposes.
D) the influx of visitors during the Games places a huge strain on the urban infrastructure.
Correct Answer:- D Explanation:-
(1) is mentioned in the third paragraph – “Even if they have future use, are they the best use of precious urban real estate?”. (2) is explicitly mentioned in the fourth paragraph – “Residential areas often are razed … citizens relocated”. (3) is implied in the last sentence of the passage – “other productive uses that can be made of vanishing fiscal resources”. But visitors have not been cited as an Olympic headache as such in the passage, so (4) is the answer. Choice (4)