Q. 1: The printing press has been likened to the Internet for which one of the following reasons?
A) It enabled rapid access to new information and the sharing of new ideas
B) It represented new and revolutionary technology compared to the past
C) It encouraged reading among people by giving them access to thousands of books
D) It gave people access to pamphlets and literature in several languages
Correct Answer:- D Explanation:-
Please refer to the second paragraph. The sentence “The printing press offered the prospect that tyrants would never be able to kill a book or suppress an idea” (read with the second part of the fourth paragraph) means that 1 is true. The phrase “diminishing the sway of quacks” means that 2 is true. The first sentence and the last sentence of this paragraph show that books and pamphlets could now be printed much faster. This means that 3 is true.
Q. 3: Steve Jobs predicted which one’of the following with the introduction of the iPhone?
A) People would switch from reading on the Internet to reading on their iPhones.
B) People would lose interest in historical and traditional classics.
C) Reading printed books would become a thing of the past.
D) The production of e-books would eventually fall.
Correct Answer:- C
The first sentence of the fifth paragraph “Not long after Steve Jobs introduced his iPhone, he said the bound book (which means the printed book) was headed for history’s attic. Clearly, he meant that reading these printed books would become a
thing of the past.
Q. 4: “I’m still waiting to see if the iPhone can do what the printing press did for religion and democracy.” The author uses which one of the following to indicate his uncertainty?
A) The rise of religious groups in many parts of the world.
B) The expansion in trolling and narcissism among users of the Internet
C) The continued suppression of free speech in closed societies
D) The decline in reading habits among those who use the device
Correct Answer:- C Explanation:-
Although this sentence is in the fourth paragraph, elaboration of this is in the last paragraph. The sentences in this paragraph “The hope of the iPhone, and the Internet in general, was that it would free people in closed societies. But the failure of the Arab Spring, and the continued suppression of ideas in North Korea, China and Iran, has not borne this out” means that the
author means to say that the iPhone has not been able to do the good that was done to religion and democracy by the printing press.
Q. 5:The author attributes the French and American revolutions to the invention of the printing press because
A) maps enabled large numbers of Europeans to travel and settle in the American continent.
B) the rapid spread of information exposed people to new ideas on freedom and democracy
C) it encouraged religious freedom among the people by destroying the monopoly of religious leaders on the scriptures.
D) it made available revolutionary strategies and opinions to the people.
Explanation:- The part of the fourth paragraph, “. the printing press opened more minds than anything else. it is hard to
imagine the French or American revolutions without those enlightened voices in print” makes 2 the clear choice.
Q. 6:The main conclusion of the passage is that the new technology has
A) some advantages, but these are outweighed by its disadvantages.
B) so far not proved as successful as the printing press in opening people’s minds
C) been disappointing because it has changed society too rapidly
D) been more wasteful than the printing press because people spend more time daydreaming or surfing.
Correct Answer:- B Explanation:-
Look at the sentences of the last paragraph, “The hope of the iPhone, and the Internet in general, was that it would free people in closed societies.” and “But I am not sure if the world changed for the better with the iPhone – as it did with the printing press- or merely changed”. These mean that the new technology, exemplified by iPhone and the Internet, have not been as successful as the printing press in opening the closed minds of people.