Q. 1: In the author’s view, cities promote human creativity for all the following reasons EXCEPT that they
A) contain spaces that enable people to meet and share new ideas.
B) expose people to different and novel ideas, because they are home to varied groups of people.
C) provide the financial and institutional networks that enable ideas to become reality.
D) provide access to cultural activities that promote new and creative ways of thinking
Correct Answer:- D
Explanation:- (1), (2) and (3) are mentioned in the second paragraph, refer to “diverse populations” – (2), “new ideas” – (1) and “infrastructure for finance, organization” – (3).
Correct Answer:- B
Explanation:- While (4) is beside the point, (1) does not address the question at hand. (3) goes contrary to received wisdom in the passage. (2) is explicitly mentioned in the third paragraph, refer to “what staunches creativity …. It’s the very institutions”.
Q. 3: The central idea of this passage is that
A) social interaction is necessary to nurture creativity
B) creativity and ideas are gradually declining in all societies
C) the creativity divide is widening in societies in line with socio-economic trends
D) more people should work in jobs that engage their creative faculties
Correct Answer:- A
Explanation:- Neither (2) nor (3) are mentioned as such in the passage. (4) is a recommendation, not the central idea of the passage. The passage is on creativity, and the central idea can be found in the first paragraph itself – “What fosters creativity? … the presence of other creative people”, a theme that resonates throughout the passage.
Q. 4: Jane Jacobs believed that cities that are more creative
A) have to struggle to retain their creativity
B) have to ‘squelch’ unproductive people and promote creative ones
C) have leaders and institutions that do not block creativity
D) typically do not start off as creative hubs
Correct Answer:- C
Explanation:- The alarming view in (2) is not echoed in the passage. (4) also runs contrary to the passage, Jane Jacobs argues in the fifth paragraph that all cities are filled with creative people. (1) is a lay opinion. Jane Jacobs argues that “some cities had more than their shares of leaders, people and institutions that blocked out that creativity”, hence we can safely infer that the more creative cities have leaders and institutions that do not block creativity.
Q. 5: The 1968 study is used here to show that
A) as they get older, children usually learn to be more creative
B) schooling today does not encourage creative thinking in children
C) the more children learn, the less creative they become
D) technology today prevents children from being creative
Correct Answer:- B
Explanation:- (1) again runs contrary to the passage, which places creativity as inversely proportional to age. (4) is not mentioned in the passage. (3) paints with too brand a brush. (2) is resonated in the third paragraph, “staunches creativity … many of our schools”.
Q. 6: The author’s conclusions about the most ‘creative cities’ in the US (paragraph 6) are based on his assumption that
A) people who work with their hands are not doing creative work.
B) more than half the population works in non-creative jobs.
C) only artists, musicians., writers., and so on should be valued in a society.
D) most cities ignore or waste the creativity of low-wage workers
,Correct Answer:- A
Explanation:- (2) is not supported by the passage, refer to “the other 66 percent who toil” in the sixth paragraph. The recommendation in (3) is not the author’s. (4) assumes that low-wage workers are creative, which is suspect. The author mentions “work which engages our creative faculties … those of us who work with our minds”, the assumption then being that those who work with their hands are not creative.