Q. 1: Which of the following statements best reflects the author’s argument?
A) Hybrid and electric vehicles signal the end of the age of internal combustion engines.
B) Elon Musk is a remarkably gifted salesman.
C) The private car represents an unattainable myth of independence.
D) The future Uber car will be environmentally friendlier than even the Tesla.
Correct Answer:- C
Explanation:- The sentence “ Ms Musk is selling a dream that the world wants to believe in” in the second paragraph gives a peep into the author’s scepticism. The second sentence of the third paragraph talks about “unattainable self-fulfilment”. The subsequent sentences talk about how the potential car- buyer is never told of the traffic jams which will rob him of independence. Thus, the myth of independence of the private car is perpetuated.
Correct Answer:- D
Explanation:- The 4th paragraph mentions clearly that in place of today’s oil despots, there will be new undeserving despots – those who control these rare material for batteries – who will become fantastically rich. This makes 1 true; thus 1 is ruled out. “…once more breathable ..” in the same paragraph makes 2 true ; thus 2 is ruled out. “Traffic jams will be abolished only when. . . .” in the last paragraph makes 3 true ; thus 3 is ruled out.
Q. 3: According to the author, the main reason for Tesla’s remarkable sales is that
A) in the long run, the Tesla is more cost effective than fossil fuel-driven cars.
B) the US government has announced a tax subsidy for Tesla buyers.
C) the company is rapidly upscaling the number of specialised charging stations for customer convenience.
D) people believe in the autonomy represented by private cars.
Correct Answer:- D
Explanation:- “The sleek and swift autonomy and power” at the beginning of the 4th paragraph makes 4 the right choice. The
other points : “ more cost-effective than fossil fuel-driven cars”, “tax subsidy for Tesla” or “ the company upscaling charging stations ” are not explicitly mentioned in the passage .
Q. 4: The author comes to the conclusion that
A) car drivers will no longer own cars but will have to use public transport.
B) cars will be controlled by technology that is more efficient than car drivers.
C) car drivers dream of autonomy but the future may be public transport.
D) electrically powered bicycles are the only way to achieve autonomy in transportation.
Correct Answer:- C Explanation:-
At the beginning of the last paragraph, the author says “the fantasy of autonomy comes full
circle” . What the author suggests by the use of the term “comes full circle,” is that it completes a cycle and returns to its beginnings. That is, there will be no autonomy. He goes on to say, through the balance part of the paragraph, that public transport will be reinvented. Thus, the future may well be public transport.
Q. 5: In paragraphs 5 and 6, the author provides the example of Uber to argue that
A) in the future, electric cars will be equipped with mechanisms that prevent collisions.
B) in the future, traffic jams will not exist.
C) in the future, the private car will be transformed into a form of public transport.
D) in the future, Uber rides will outstrip Tesla sales.
Correct Answer:- C
Explanation:- In the last paragraph, the author says through the sentence “The logical outcome of cars which need no driver is that they will need no owner either”. This means that they will become public transport. The author clinches his point through phrases like “summoned at will”.
Q. 6: In paragraph 6, the author mentions electrically powered bicycles to argue that
A) if Elon Musk were a true visionary, he would invest funds in developing electric bicycles.
B) our fantasies of autonomy might unexpectedly require us to consider electric bicycles.
C) in terms of environmental friendliness and safety, electric bicycles rather than electric cars are the future.
D) electric buses are the best form of public transport
Correct Answer:- B
Explanation:- Note the sentences in the last paragraph, “Traffic jams will be abolished only when the car becomes a public utility. What will happen to our fantastasies of independence? We will all have to take to electrically powered bicycles”. Since independence and autonomy are synonymous, the author suggests that we will need to consider bicycles if we want autonomy.