CAT 2019 - Slot 1 - Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension
- Five sentences related to a topic are given below.

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Q. 1: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
1. A particularly interesting example of inference occurs in many single panel comics.
2. It’s the creator’s participation and imagination that makes the single-panel comic so engaging and so rewarding.
3. Often, the humor requires you to imagine what happened in the instant immediately before or immediately after the panel you’re being shown.
4. To get the joke, you actually have to figure out what some of these missing panels must be.
5. It is as though the cartoonist devised a series of panels to tell the story and has chosen to show you only one – and typically not even the funniest.  

Sentences 1, 3, 4 and 5 are about humour and humorous inferences that are present in single panel comics. Sentence 2, on the other hand, is about the reason single-panel comics are so rewarding. Sentence 2 does not talk about the humorous aspect of single panel comics at all but is about the creator’s imagination while making single panel comics. Therefore, it is the odd sentence out of the paragraph.

Hence, the correct answer is sentence 2.

 
 
Q. 2:Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.
1. Ocean plastic is problematic for a number of reasons, but primarily because marine animals eat it.
2. The largest numerical proportion of ocean plastic falls in small size fractions.
3. Aside from clogging up the digestive tracts of marine life, plastic also tends to adsorb pollutants from the water column.
4. Plastic in the oceans is arguably one of the most important and pervasive environmental problems today.
5. Eating plastic has a number of negative consequences such as the retention of plastic particles in the gut for longer periods than normal food particles.

Sentence 1 is about the problems of ocean plastic – marine animals eat it.

Sentence 2 is about the largest numerical proportion of ocean plastic.

Sentence 3 mentions another negative impact of ocean plastic on marine life.

Sentence 4 mentions that plastic in the oceans is a pervasive environmental problem.

Sentence 5 mentions another negative effect of eating plastic – retention of plastic particles in the gut for longer periods than normal food particles.

Sentences 1, 3, 4 and 5 are about the negative impact of plastic in the oceans – particularly to marine life while sentence 2 is about the largest numerical proportion of ocean plastic which falls in small size fractions. Therefore, sentence 2 is the odd sentence out of the paragraph.

Hence, the correct answer is sentence 2.

 
 

Q. 3: The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage. 
Privacy-challenged office workers may find it hard to believe, but open-plan offices and cubicles were invented by architects and designers who thought that to break down the social walls that divide people, you had to break down the real walls, too. Modernist architects saw walls and rooms as downright fascist. The spaciousness and flexibility of an open plan would liberate homeowners and office dwellers from the confines of boxes. But companies took up their idea less out of a democratic ideology than a desire to pack in as many workers as they could. The typical open-plan office of the first half of the 20th century was a white-collar assembly line. Cubicles were interior designers’ attempt to put some soul back in.
1. Wall-free office spaces did not quite work out the way their utopian inventors intended, as they became tools for the exploitation of labor.
2. Wall-free office spaces could have worked out the way their utopian inventors intended had companies cared for workers’ satisfaction.
3. Wall-free office spaces did not quite work out as companies don’t believe in democratic ideology.
4. Wall-free office spaces did not quite work out as desired and therefore cubicles came into being. 

The crux of the paragraph is: Wall-free offices were meant to break down social barriers but were instead used by companies to pack in as many workers as they could and thus exploit them.

Options 2, 3 and 4 do not mention one important facet of the paragraph – that wall-free offices of companies were designed to pack as many workers as they could. Therefore, they were tools of exploitation by companies. They can therefore be eliminated.

Option 1 is the correct summary as this factor has been mentioned.

Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

Q. 4: The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.
Social movement organizations often struggle to mobilize supporters from allied movements in their efforts to achieve critical mass. Organizations with hybrid identities—those whose organizational identities span the boundaries of two or more social movements, issues, or identities—are vital to mobilizing these constituencies. Studies of the post-9/11 U.S. antiwar movement show that individuals with past involvement in non-anti-war movements are more likely to join hybrid organizations than are individuals without involvement in non-anti-war movements. In addition, they show that organizations with hybrid identities occupy relatively more central positions in inter-organizational contact networks within the antiwar movement and thus recruit significantly more participants in demonstrations than do nonhybrid organizations.
1. Post 9/11 studies show that people who are involved in non anti-war movements are likely to join hybrid organizations.
2. Organizations with hybrid identities are able to mobilize individuals with different points of view.
3. Movements that work towards social change often find it difficult to mobilize a critical mass of supporters.
4. Hybrid organizations attract individuals that are deeply involved in anti-war movements..

The crux of the paragraph is: Social movement organizations often struggle to mobilize supporters from allied movements in their efforts to achieve critical mass. However, hybrid organizations – those whose organizational identities span the boundaries of two or more social movements, issues, or identities – are able to recruit significantly more participants in demonstrations than do nonhybrid organizations.

Options 1, 3 and 4 miss out on the crucial point of hybrid organizations being able to mobilize more people than nonhybrid organizations.

Only option 2 includes this critical piece of information from the paragraph.

Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

 

Q. 5: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) given below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequence of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.
1. Conceptualisations of ‘women’s time’ as contrary to clock-time and clock-time as synonymous with economic rationalism are two of the deleterious results of this representation.
2. While dichotomies of ‘men’s time’, ‘women’s time’, clock-time, and caring time can be analytically useful, this article argues that everyday caring practices incorporate a multiplicity of times; and both men and women can engage in these multiple-times
3. When the everyday practices of working sole fathers and working sole mothers are carefully examined to explore conceptualisations of gendered time, it is found that caring time is often more focused on the clock than generally theorised.
4. Clock-time has been consistently represented in feminist literature as a masculine artefact representative of a ‘time is money’ perspective.

It is clear that the paragraph is about clock-time and sentence 4 is the introductory sentence as it introduces the concept of clock time.

Sentence 1 follows sentence 4 directly with “this representation” in sentence 1 referring to the feminist representation of clock-time.

Sentences 3 and 2 are a pair. Sentence 3 is about caring time for both men and women and sentence 2 concludes the paragraph by mentioning the different types of time which both men and women can engage in.

Hence, the correct sequence is 4132.

 

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