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Q. 3: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
1. Displacement in Bengal is thus not very significant in view of its magnitude.
2. A factor of displacement in Bengal is the shifting course of the Ganges leading to erosion of river banks.
3. The nature of displacement in Bengal makes it an interesting case study.
4. Since displacement due to erosion is well spread over a long period of time, it remains invisible.
5. Rapid displacement would have helped sensitize the public to its human costs.
Refer to the relevant extract in paragraph 3, ‘In his 1985 article, Calthorpe made a statement that still jars with most people: “The city is the most environmentally benign form of human settlement. Each city dweller consumes less land, less energy, less water, and produces less pollution than his counterpart in settlements of lower densities.”’ This statement jars with most people because the conventional wisdom up until that time was that cities were actually very destructive towards the environment. Note that the passage is about the relative benign impact of cities on the environment. This points to option 4 as being the correct answer.
“Crowded”, “polluted”, “disease” and “crime” are characteristics of city life which the author has mentioned as negatives of living in cities but he has gone on to conclude the passage by also stating the positive impacts of living in cities and by suggesting that the positives of living in cities outweigh the negatives. Secondly, these negative facets of city life are not relevant to Calthorpe’s statement which was solely about the environmental impact that cities have. Thus, options 1, 2 and 3 can be eliminated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.