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The question below is from previous year CAT question from CAT 2018 exam comes from CAT Arithmetic – Time Speed and Distance – Points A, P, Q and B lie on …. Find out by answering this question which tests an aspirant’s Quantitative Ability Skills:
Q. 3: Points A, P, Q and B lie on the same line such that P, Q and B are, respectively, 100 km, 200 km and 300 km away from A. Cars 1 and 2 leave A at the same time and move towards B. Simultaneously, car 3 leaves B and moves towards A. Car 3 meets car 1 at Q, and car 2 at P. If each car is moving in uniform speed then the ratio of the speed of car 2 to that of car 1 is
1. 1 : 2
2. 2 : 9
3. 1 : 4
4. 2 : 7
Car 3 meets car 1 at Q, which is 200 km from A.
Therefore, at the time of their meeting car 1 must have travelled 200 km and car 3 must have travelled 100 km.
As the time is same, ratio of speed of car 1 to speed of car 3 = 2 : 1. Car 3 meets car 2 at P, which is 100 km from A.
Therefore, at the time of their meeting car 2 must have travelled 100 km and car 3 must have travelled 200 km.
As the time is same, ratio of speed of car 2 to speed of car 3 = 1 : 2. Speed of car 1 : speed of car 3 = 2 : 1
And speed of car 2 : speed of car 3 = 1 : 2
So, speed of car 1 : speed of car 2 : speed of car 3 = 4 : 1 : 2