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Q. 2: The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position:
A Japanese government panel announced that it recommends regulating only genetically modified organisms that have had foreign genes permanently introduced into their genomes and not those whose endogenous genes have been edited. The only stipulation is that researchers and businesses will have to register their modifications to plants or animals with the government, with the exception of microbes cultured in contained environments. Reactions to the decision are mixed. While lauding the potential benefits of genome editing, an editorial opposes across-the- board permission. Unforeseen risks in gene editing cannot be ruled out. All genetically modified products must go through the same safety and labeling processes regardless of method.
1. A government panel in Japan says transgenic modification and genome editing are not the same.
2. Excepting microbes cultured in contained environments from the regulations of genome editing is premature.
3. Exempting from regulations the editing of endogenous genes is not desirable as this procedure might be risk-prone.
4. Creating categories within genetically modified products in terms of transgenic modification and genome editing advances science but defies laws.
the paragraph speaks about the japanese government’s recommendation. the recommendation is the key idea of the passage. the recommendation is about regulating only genetically modified organisms, and leaving the rest. the reactions are mixed, however the author cautions about the unforeseen risks. option 3 is the best choice.
option 1 goes out because the japanese recommendation is about regulating only genetically modified organisms. this is the main idea, but option 1 does not cover this idea. the right word is exempting, not excepting. also, the prematurity part of it is nowhere found in the passage.
option 4 says “creating categories within genetically modified products…defies law”. the defying of the legal aspect of it is not there in the passage. option 3 is the best choice.