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Since it is difficult to clearly establish the introductory sentence, let us look for linking pairs.
Sentences 3 and 2 are clearly a linking pair. Both mention the phrase ‘carpe diem.’ While sentence 3 mentions carpe diem is often translated as “seize the day”, its more accurate translation in the context of its source, as mentioned in sentence 2, is “plucking the day” – evoking the plucking and gathering of flowers. Sentence 3, with “The phrase carpe diem” will come first.
It is clear that carpe diem is therefore a metaphor and its meaning has been changed from its original source.
This is exactly what sentence 4 states and this sentence will follow sentence 2.
Sentence 1, at first read, appears to be the introductory sentence of the paragraph but is actually a more effective concluding sentence. It talks about the subtle differences of metaphors across languages which is exactly what sentences 3 and 2 mention in the form of a particular phrase – carpe diem. Sentence 1, therefore, sums up the assertions made in the first three sentences and is the concluding sentence.
Therefore, the correct order of sentences is 3241.