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Q. 4: The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.
Social movement organizations often struggle to mobilize supporters from allied movements in their efforts to achieve critical mass. Organizations with hybrid identities—those whose organizational identities span the boundaries of two or more social movements, issues, or identities—are vital to mobilizing these constituencies. Studies of the post-9/11 U.S. antiwar movement show that individuals with past involvement in non-anti-war movements are more likely to join hybrid organizations than are individuals without involvement in non-anti-war movements. In addition, they show that organizations with hybrid identities occupy relatively more central positions in inter-organizational contact networks within the antiwar movement and thus recruit significantly more participants in demonstrations than do nonhybrid organizations.
1. Post 9/11 studies show that people who are involved in non anti-war movements are likely to join hybrid organizations.
2. Organizations with hybrid identities are able to mobilize individuals with different points of view.
3. Movements that work towards social change often find it difficult to mobilize a critical mass of supporters.
4. Hybrid organizations attract individuals that are deeply involved in anti-war movements..
the crux of the paragraph is: social movement organizations often struggle to mobilize supporters from allied movements in their efforts to achieve critical mass. however, hybrid organizations – those whose organizational identities span the boundaries of two or more social movements, issues, or identities – are able to recruit significantly more participants in demonstrations than do nonhybrid organizations.
options 1, 3 and 4 miss out on the crucial point of hybrid organizations being able to mobilize more people than nonhybrid organizations.
only option 2 includes this critical piece of information from the paragraph.
hence, the correct answer is option 2.