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Q6. “A more eclectic history might have included the conquistadors, Vasco da Gama and the East India Company. But Lehr sticks to the disorganised small fry . . .” From this statement we can infer that the author believes that:
a. colonialism should be considered an organised form of piracy.
b. the disorganised piracy of today is no match for the organised piracy of the past.
c. Lehr does not assign adequate blame to empire builders for their past deeds.
d. Vasco da Gama and the East India Company laid the ground for modern piracy.
Note the context in which the given statement is made. In paragraph 2, the author asks where piracy begins or ends and says “European empire-builders were the most successful pirates of all time”. So, the author believes
Q7. We can deduce that the author believes that piracy can best be controlled in the long run:
a. through international cooperation in enforcing stringent deterrents.
b. if we eliminate poverty and income disparities in affected regions.
c. through the extensive deployment of technology to track ships and cargo.
d. through lucrative welfare schemes to improve the lives of people in affected regions.
According to the passage, the “root causes” of piracy are abject poverty and the daily struggle for survival (paragraph 4). The author also explains in the last two paragraphs that international cooperation in enforcing strict deterrents, investments in local welfare and using technology solutions like robot shipping have failed.
Q8. “Why toil away as a starving peasant in the 16th century when a successful pirate made up to £4,000 on each raid?” In this sentence, the author’s tone can best be described as being:
a. facetious, about the hardships of peasant life in medieval England.
b. ironic, about the reasons why so many took to piracy in medieval times.
c. analytical, to explain the contrasts between peasant and pirate life in medieval England.
d. indignant, at the scale of wealth successful pirates could amass in medieval times.
Q9. The author ascribes the rise in piracy today to all of the following factors EXCEPT:
a. the growth in international shipping with globalisation.
b. colonialism’s disruption of historic ties among countries.
c. the high rewards via ransoms for successful piracy attempts.
d. decreased surveillance of the high seas.
The passage states that there are never enough warships to patrol pirate-infested waters, but this does not imply that the surveillance at the high seas is declining, just that the scale of the problem is large. All other reasons for rise in piracy today are mentioned in the lines “Increased globalisation has done more to encourage piracy than suppress it. European colonialism weakened delicate balances of power, leading to an influx of opportunists on the high seas.”