The CAT VARC section has grown increasingly difficult since 2015. In order to tackle the tougher CAT Level VARC questions for the CAT Exam, it is important to understand the basics of Reading Comprehension, Para Jumbles, Para summary, Para completion etc. To obtain a great CAT score, make use of MBAP Free Study material with detailed solutions and video explanations. Check out MBAP free Mock test to take these questions in a test format for free. The purpose of this page is to help you prepare for that. Take a crack at those VARC Section!
Q10. All of the following statements, if true, could be seen as supporting the arguments in the passage, EXCEPT:
a. Marginalised people in Africa, Asia and Latin America have often been the main sufferers of corporate mineral extraction projects.
b. The example of agricultural finance helps us to see how to concentrate corporate activity in the renewable energy sector.
c. One reason for the perpetuation of social injustice lies in the problem of the disposal of toxic waste.
d. The possible negative impacts of renewable energy need to be studied before it can be offered as a financial investment opportunity.
Statements A and C, if true, support the argument in the passage that the “disposal of toxic waste has long perpetuated social injustice through the flows of waste to the Global South and to marginalized communities in the Global North”.
According to the passage, “agricultural finance reveals the concentration of control of corporate activity facilitates profit generation”. Statement B is based on the same idea.
Statement D, however, is different from the arguments in the passage. According to the passage, though investment in renewable energy is a “straightforward choice”, further scrutiny is needed before declaring that it will lead to a low-carbon future.
Q11. Which one of the following statements, if false, could be seen as best supporting the arguments in the passage?
a. Renewable energy systems are not as profitable as non-renewable energy systems.
b. Renewable energy systems are as expensive as non-renewable energy systems.
c. The production and distribution of renewable energy through small-scale, local systems is not economically sustainable.
d. Renewable energy systems have little or no environmental impact.
Trickily worded question. The statement that, if false, supports the arguments in the passage is the one that, if true, does not support the arguments in the passage.
Clearly, statement D goes against one of the key ideas in the passage.
All other statements are based on ideas in the passage.
Q12. Which one of the following statements, if true, could be an accurate inference from the first paragraph of the passage?
a. The author’s only reservation is about the profitability of renewable energy systems.
b. The author does not think renewable energy systems can be as efficient as non-renewable energy systems.
c. The author has reservations about the consequences of non-renewable energy systems.
d. The author has reservations about the consequences of renewable energy systems.
“For investors looking to redirect funds, wind turbines and solar panels, among other technologies, seem a straightforward choice. But renewables need to be further scrutinized before being championed as forging a path toward a low-carbon future.” Clearly, the author has reservations about the consequences of renewable energy systems.
Q13. Which one of the following statements best captures the main argument of the last paragraph of the passage?
a. Renewable energy systems are not democratic unless they are corporate-controlled.
b. Renewable energy produced at the household or neighbourhood level is more efficient than mass-produced forms of energy.
c. The development of the renewable energy sector is a double-edged sword.
d. Most forms of renewable energy are not profitable investments for institutional investors.
Option C is the main idea of the passage. All other options can be easily eliminated.
Option A is clearly incorrect, as it implies corporate control ensures democratic access. The last paragraph states the exact opposite of options B and C.
Q14. Based on the passage, we can infer that the author would be most supportive of which one of the following practices?
a. The study of the coexistence of marginalised people with their environments.
b. Encouragement for the development of more environment-friendly carbon-based fuels.
c. More stringent global policies and regulations to ensure a more just system of toxic waste disposal.
d. The localised, small-scale development of renewable energy systems.
The author discusses the social injustice perpetuated through the disposal of toxic waste in the passage. He is hence likely to be supportive of more stringent global policies and regulations to ensure a more just system of toxic waste disposal.
The study of the coexistence of marginalized people with their environments is not related to the main idea of the passage. The author clearly states that small-scale renewable energy systems do not produce high returns. The author does not broach upon the idea of more environment-friendly carbon-based fuels in the passage.