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The dominant hypotheses in modern | CAT VARC Questions - Para Summary

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The question below is from previous year CAT question from CAT 2020 exam comes from sub-section CAT Verbal Ability : The dominant hypotheses in modern. Find out by answering this question which tests an aspirant’s CAT VARC skills:

CAT 2020 – Slot -3-Verbal Ability- Question 24-The dominant hypotheses in modern

Q. 24:The dominant hypotheses in modern science believe that language evolved to allow humans to exchange factual information about the physical world. But an alternative view is that language evolved, in modern humans at least, to facilitate social bonding. It increased our ancestors’ chances of survival by enabling them to hunt more successfully or to cooperate more extensively. Language meant that things could be explained and that plans and past experiences could be shared efficiently.

A. From the belief that humans invented language to process factual information, scholars now think that language was the outcome of the need to ensure social cohesion and thus human survival.
B. Most believe that language originated from a need to articulate facts, but others think it emerged from the need to promote social cohesion and cooperation, thus enabling human survival.
C. Since its origin, language has been continuously evolving to higher forms, from being used to identify objects to ensuring human survival by enabling our ancestors to bond and cooperate. 
D. Experts are challenging the narrow view of the origin of language, as being merely used to describe facts and label objects, to being necessary to promote more complex interactions among humans.
 

24. B.

The main idea of the paragraph is that challenging the dominant hypothesis that language evolved in order to facilitate exchange of factual information, an alternative view holds that language evolved in order to facilitate social bonding and improve chances of survival. Option B captures all key ideas.

Option A incorrectly uses the word “invented”. Option C talks about language “continuously evolving to higher forms”. The paragraph does not state this. Option D states “experts” are challenging the “narrow” view of origin of language. The paragraph only talks about “an alternative view”.

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