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Q. 24:The dominant hypotheses in modern science believe that language evolved to allow humans to exchange factual information about the physical world. But an alternative view is that language evolved, in modern humans at least, to facilitate social bonding. It increased our ancestors’ chances of survival by enabling them to hunt more successfully or to cooperate more extensively. Language meant that things could be explained and that plans and past experiences could be shared efficiently.
The main idea of the paragraph is that challenging the dominant hypothesis that language evolved in order to facilitate exchange of factual information, an alternative view holds that language evolved in order to facilitate social bonding and improve chances of survival. Option B captures all key ideas.
Option A incorrectly uses the word “invented”. Option C talks about language “continuously evolving to higher forms”. The paragraph does not state this. Option D states “experts” are challenging the “narrow” view of origin of language. The paragraph only talks about “an alternative view”.