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Let m and n be positive integers, If x^2 - Quantitative Aptitude - Quadratic Equation

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The question below is from previous year CAT question from CAT 2020 exam comes from CAT : Let m and n be positive integers

Find out by answering this question which tests an aspirant’s Quantitative Ability Skills.

You may also find remaining question solution of CAT 2020, Slot 3 by searching the question in the search bar.

CAT 2020 - Slot 3 - Quantitative Aptitude - Quadratic Equation - Question 23 - Let m and n be positive integers, If x^2

Q. 23: Let m and n be positive integers, If x2 + mx + 2n = 0 and x2 + 2nx + m = 0 have real roots, then the smallest possible value of m + n is

1. 8
2. 6
3. 5
4. 7

B,

The roots of a Quadratic Equation of the form, ax2 + bx + c = 0

are given by x = (-b±√[b^2-4ac])/2a

In order for these roots to be real, the portion under the square root should not be negative.

In other words ‘b2 – 4ac’, determines wether the roots are real or imaginary.

Hence, rightly, it is called the Determinat(D).

 

If the Determinant, D is greater than or equal to 0, then the equation has real roots.

For D to be greater than or equal to 0, b2 ≥ 4ac.

 

We are told that x2 + mx + 2n = 0 and x2 + 2nx + m = 0 have real roots,

That means, m2 ≥ 4(2n) and (2n)2 ≥ 4m.

 

Instead of trying to solve through equations, the two inequalities m2 ≥ 8n and n2 ≥ m.

Let’s try to solve inputting specific numbers.

 

If n = 1; m2 ≥ 8; m ≥ 3

If m ≥ 3 at n = 1, n2 ≥ m stands invalid.

 

If n = 2; m2 ≥ 16; m ≥ 4

If m ≥ 4 at n = 2, n2 ≥ m stands valid, if m = 4 and n = 2

 

Hence 4,2 is the smallest(and the only) pair that m,n can take.

So, the minimum sum of m and n is 4+2 = 6.

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