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CAT Questions | CAT VARC Questions: Odd One Out

Odd One Out, is a type of question where one odd answer has to be picked from given set of choices. This answer can be out of context of other sentences. In CAT examination, these type of questions can appear as a form of Para jumbles i.e., one statement which doesn’t fit in the paragraph is an odd one out.

Find the Odd One Out: Importance in competitive exams

It started to appear in CAT since 2012, after which, every year CAT verbal ability includes 3-4 questions. It tests your understanding of sentence fit in a context. It is also known as sentence elimination. Like CAT; IIFT, SNAP and NMAT also test on this concept. These questions are asked in considered as critical reasoning questions in other exams. You can expect about 1-2 questions in IIFT and 0-1 question in SNAP and 2-3 questions in NMAT.

Below shows the number of odd one out questions that have been asked in various MBA exams in recent years.

CAT
YearSlotNo. of
Questions
slot 12
slot 22
slot 32
slot 13
slot 23
slot 13
slot 23
IIFT
YearSlotNo. of
Questions
20202
20193
20182
SNAP
YearSlotNo. of
Questions
20202
20191
20183

CAT Questions & other MBA entrance exams | CAT VARC Questions: Odd One Out

Below you will find certain Odd One Out questions for your understanding:

Q 1: Five jumbled up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer:

  1. Machine learning models are prone to learning human-like biases from the training data that feeds these algorithms.
  2. Hate speech detection is part of the on-going effort against oppressive and abusive language on social media.
  3. The current automatic detection models miss out on something vital: context.
  4. It uses complex algorithms to flag racist or violent speech faster and better than human beings alone.
  5. For instance, algorithms struggle to determine if group identifiers like “gay” or “black” are used in offensive or prejudiced ways because they’re trained on imbalanced datasets with unusually high rates of hate speech.

                                                                                                                                                                              [CAT 2020 Slot 3]

Answer:

If the sentences were to be arranged in a paragraph, 2. would be the best opening sentence as it sets the context. 2 and 4 is a link: 2 talks about hate speech detection while 4 explains how it works. 1 and 5 is also a link: sentence 1 talks about biases arising due to training data. 5 gives an example of how flawed training data affects algorithms. 2,3,1,5 is a possible sequence.

3 is the odd one out.

Q 2: Five jumbled up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer:

  1. The logic of displaying one’s inner qualities through outward appearance was based on a distinction between being a woman and being feminine.
  2. ‘Appearance’ became a signifier of conduct – to look was to be and conformity to the feminine ideal was measured by how well women could use the tools of the fashion and beauty industries.
  3. The makeover-centric media sets out subtly and not-so-subtly, ‘good’ and ‘bad’ ways to be a woman, layering these over inequalities of race and class.
  4. The denigration of working-class women and women of colour often centres on their perceived failure to embody feminine beauty.
  5. ‘Woman’ was considered a biological category, but femininity was a ‘process’ by which women became specific kinds of women.

                                                                                                                                                                              [CAT 2020 Slot 3]

Answer:

The sentences relate to subject of being a woman versus being feminine. 5 and 2 is a link. The sentences are structured similarly and state what signifies what. Sentence 1 relates to the same idea. 1,5,2 is a possible sequence. Between 3 and 4, 4 fits better to the idea in 2–the measure of the feminine ideal.

3, which is about how the ‘make-over centric media’ set out to define ‘good’ and ‘bad’ ways to be a woman, is the odd one here.

Q 3: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one out. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.

  1. One argument is that actors that do not fit within a single, well-defined category may suffer an “illegitimacy discount”.
  2. Others believe that complex identities confuse audiences about an organization’s role or purpose.
  3. Some organizations have complex and multidimensional identities that span or combine categories, while other organizations possess narrow identities.
  4. Identity is one of the most important features of organizations, but there exist opposing views among sociologists about how identity affects organizational performance.
  5. Those who think that complex identities are beneficial point to the strategic advantages of ambiguity, and organizations’ potential to differentiate themselves from competitors.

                                                                                                                                                                              [CAT 2019 Slot 1]

Answer:

Let us link the sentences logically and find out which sentence does not conform to the main theme of the paragraph. It is clear that the paragraph is about “identity”, more specifically, identities of organizations. Sentence 4 is the introductory sentence since it introduces the theme of “identity” and the opposing views among sociologists about how identity affects organizational performance.
Sentence 3 follows sentence 4 by mentioning two types of identities that organizations have – some organizations have complex and multidimensional identities while other organizations have narrow identities.
Sentence 5 follows sentence 3 by mentioning “those” who think complex or multidimensional identities are more beneficial to organizations and sentence 2 will follow sentence 5 with “others” who feel the opposite – complex identities confuse audiences about an organization’s role or purpose.
Sentence 1 is about “actors” and not about identities at all. Secondly, it is more about “categories” than identities. It does not fit in with the rest of the sentences in the paragraph.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

Q 4: Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph. Identify the odd one. Choose its number as your answer and key it in.

  1. Translators are like bumblebees.
  2. Though long since scientifically disproved, this factoid is still routinely trotted out.
  3. Similar pronouncements about the impossibility of translation have dogged practitioners since Leonardo Bruni’s De interpretatione recta, published in 1424.
  4. Bees, unaware of these deliberations, have continued to flit from flower to flower, and translators continue to translate.
  5. In 1934, the French entomologist August Magnan pronounced the flight of the bumblebee to be aerodynamically impossible.

                                                                                                                                                                              [CAT 2018 Slot 1]

Answer:

This is a dubious question, and deserves a challenge. All the sentences can come together and form a coherent paragraph. ‘this factoid’ in statement 2 can be found in statement 5. Thus 5 and 2 form a pair. 1 opens the paragraph. Impossibility of translation in 3 and impossibility of bumblebee flight are connected. Thus 1523 form a coherent paragraph. Statement 4 can come in the concluding lines. This question has no odd sentence. The source of the passage can be found here.

List of Concepts in CAT Verbal: Odd One Out

  • Odd one out option– All the competitive exams have at least one question from this category, where one odd choice has to be picked which doesn’t fit into the options.
  • Odd one out para jumble– You will be given five sentences; out of which 4 form a paragraph and one is the odd one out. 

Preparation Phase for Odd One Out:

Level 1:

  • Develop a habit of reading– By reading, you learn the habit of forming a sentence. This will help in solving questions like these. 
  • These can be solved very quickly compared to any other questions in the competitive exam. So, this is a good scoring area.
  • Don’t get to a conclusion just by looking at the sentences at one glance, read all the sentences twice or thrice.
  • Use MBAP CAT E-book (Concept theory) study material for practice

Level 2:

  • Start by looking for the sentence that is most likely to start a paragraph, that sentence which introduces a concept or an idea, and which is not abrupt.
  • Next, you should establish a connecting link. See whether the subjects in the sentences are linked or not.
  • Do this for all the sentences and check if there is some continuity to the paragraph that is formed after logically arranging the sentences.
  • The sentence that is difficult to fit into the sequence/paragraph is the odd sentence, and mostly the right answer.
  • Watch MBAP live lecture Recording (Basic) for understanding the concepts. You can also find some odd one out examples in MBAP Previous year CAT question paper.

Level 3:

  • Don’t go just by keywords. The subject matter of the odd sentence may be very similar to the other sentences in the paragraph, but it is not just about the subject matter. 
  • Start practicing more odd one out examples with answers from books like MBAP CAT E-book (Practice Questions).

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