Questions on relationships are mainly from the topic of blood relations and family tree relations. Generally, all MBA papers including CAT, XAT, SNAP, NMAT or CMAT have a certain set of questions from this topic and test the candidate’s understanding potential to relate. These questions are based in the logical aptitude and analytical section of the MBA exams. Hence, this topic tests the analytical skills of the students and their approach towards solving questions with diagrams instead of calculations.

Importance of questions in MBA exams from Relationships:




YearNo of QuestionsGood attemptDifficulty
Slot 111Easy
Slot 20
Slot 111Easy
Slot 210-1Difficult
Slot 121-2Moderate/Lengthy
Slot 20


YearNo of QuestionsGood attemptDifficulty

























YearNo of QuestionsGood attemptDifficulty

* Since there is no negative marking in NMAT all questions should be attempted from relations questions.


YearNo of QuestionsGood attemptDifficulty


Tips and Tricks to Solve Relationship Questions:

Following steps need to be followed to solve these questions:

  1.  Our first aim is to choose the two persons about whom the relationship is asked in the questions.
  2.  Once we have chosen the two persons, identify the intermediate relationship between them i.e. understand the blood relation tree how one is related to the other using the instructions in question.
  3.  We can conclude by finding the relationship between the two required persons.

Important relations to keep in mind:


Mother’s sister (younger or elder)Aunt
Son’s wifeDaughter-in-law
Daughter’s husbandSon-in-law
Sister’s husbandBrother-in-law
Husband’s brother or wife’s brotherBrother-in-law
Brother’s wifeSister-in-law
Husband’s sister or wife’s sisterSister-in-law
Husband’s father or wife’s fatherFather-in-law
Husband’s mother or wife’s motherMother-in-law
Brother’s son or sister’s sonNephew
Brother’s daughter or sister’s daughterNiece
Uncle’s daughter or aunt’s daughterCousin
Uncle’s son or aunt’s sonCousin
Father’s father or mother’s fatherGrandfather
Children of same parentsSiblings
Father’s/Mother’s only son/daughterOneself
Son of father or motherBrother
Granddaughter of father/motherDaughter or Niece
Husband of daughterSon-in-law
Wife of brother/brother-in-lawSister-in-law
Wife of sonDaughter-in-law
Son of son/DaughterGrand

Details on This Page

Examples of questions from previous papers of various exams:

Below you will find certain question samples along with the solution for your understanding:

1) Pointing to a photograph, Shivam said, “She is the daughter of my grandfather’s only son.” How is Shivam related to the girl in the photograph?

I. Father             
II. Cousin               
III. Grandson
IV. Brother           
V. Uncle
VI. Sister

Sister (Option VI)

2) If A + B means A is the mother of B; A x B means A is the father of B; A $ B means A is the brother of B and A @ B means A is the sister of B then which of the following means P is the son of Q?
I. Q + R @ P @ N       
II. Q + R $ P @ N
III. Q x R $ P @ N       
IV. Q x R $ P $ N

Option IV, since only this option shows P is brother N which shows P is male and hence son of Q.

3) If A is the brother of B; B is the sister of C; and C is the father of D, how D is related to A?
I. Brother
II. Sister
III. Nephew
IV. Cannot be determined 

Option IV, since the gender of D is not known the answer cannot be determined.

4) Read the information carefully and answer the question given below it.

   1. A family consists of 6 members P, Q , R, X, Y, Z.

   2. Q is the son of R but R is not mother of Q.

   3. P and R are married couple.

   4. Y is the brother of R, X is the daughter of P.

   5. Z is the brother of P.

Questions :

1. Who is the brother in law of R?

2. How many female members are there in the family?

3. How is Q related to X?

4. How is Y related to P?


1) Forming the family tree we can get all answers, so brother in law of R is Z

2) 2 female members, P and X

3) Q is the brother of X

4) Y is the brother-in-law of P since P and R are married and Y is brother of P.


How to deal with that topic preparation

Level 1 

  • Students are supposed to have basic knowledge of the blood relationship using a tree diagram
  • They should have analytical ability and mindset to solve the questions logically
  • Skills to identify the steps in the instruction and prepare the relationship tree. 
  • Practise some symbolic relationship questions and read the questions carefully as sometimes minute changes in the question may change the answer 

Level 2 

  • Identify questions and differentiate them based on single person blood relation and mixed relation. Also, differentiate questions based on difficulty level and prepare accordingly. Plan time needed to solve a question to save unnecessary time wasted on difficult questions
  • Practise questions similar to the examples given above to get acquainted with all types and all difficulty levels of questions

Level 3

  • Students need to look into relationship problems which are long to find the solution and quickly solve the questions after understanding the concepts. 
  • Practise questions from the advanced level of previous CAT papers, NMAT, XAT, SNAP, mock tests and materials. Attempt these questions taking the time into account. Taking too much time for advanced level questions will hamper the performance in exams. 

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