# SNAP Questions | CAT Reasoning: Cause and Effect

### CAT Verbal Ability

Cause and Effect is one of the most important topics of Critical reasoning and it comes in many Entrance exams like GMAT, XAT, NMAT, IIFT and CET. This cause and effect relationship is a relationship in which one event causes another event to happen (the effect).

Questions related to this topic have been very few in recent years, but still, this topic is very important for scoring high marks. A couple of questions every year can be expected.

GMAT is one such entrance exam which comes up with a lot of Cause and Effect questions. When it comes to CAT, one can expect the frequency of this topic questions to be very less. However, it is possible that CAT can feature 1-2 questions in Reading Comprehension section of the paper.

## CAT Questions & other MBA entrance exams | CAT Reasoning: Cause and Effect

Below you will find certain cause and effect questions for your understanding:

Q1. Statements:
I. The Standard of living among the middle-class society is constantly going up for part of few years.
II. Indian Economy is observing remarkable growth

1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
5. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause
[NMAT 2020]

Option 1.

Explanation: because the standard of living among the middle-class society is constantly going up, Indian economy is observing remarkable growth.

Q2. Statements:

I. The meteorological Department has issued a statement mentioning deficient rainfall during monsoon in many parts of the country
II.The Government has lowered the revised estimated GDP growth from the level of earlier estimates

1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
5. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

[CET 2020]

Option 4.
Explanation: independent cause is the reason behind both the statements i and ii.

Q3. Statements:

I. The staff of Airport Authorities called off the strike they were observing in protest against privatization
II. The staff of Airport Authorities went on strike anticipating a threat to their jobs

1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
5. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common causes

[IIFT 2019]

Option 4
Explanation: both the statements i and ii are effects of independent causes.

Q4. Statements:

I. A huge truck overturned on the middle of the road last night
II. The police had cordoned of entire area in the locality this morning for half of the day

1. Statement I is the cause and statement II is its effect
2. Statement II is the cause and statement I is its effect
3. Both the statements I and II are independent causes
4. Both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes
5. Both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause

[XAT 2018]

Option 1
Explanation: as a huge truck had overturned on the middle of the road last night, the police had cordoned off the entire area in the locality last morning for half of the day.

## Frequency of Cause and Effect questions in the Various MBA Entrance Exams

NMAT

 YEAR NO OF QUESTIONS GOOD ATTEMPT DIFFICULTY LEVEL 2020 1 1 Easy 2019 2 2 Easy 2018 2 1 Moderate

XAT

 YEAR NO OF QUESTIONS GOOD ATTEMPT DIFFICULTY LEVEL 2020 1 1 Easy 2019 2 1 Moderate 2018 2 1 Moderate

IIFT

 YEAR NO OF QUESTIONS GOOD ATTEMPT DIFFICULTY LEVEL 2019 – – – 2018 2 2 Easy 2017 2 1 Moderate 2016 1 1 Easy

SNAP

 YEAR NO OF QUESTIONS GOOD ATTEMPT DIFFICULTY LEVEL 2019 3 1 Tough 2018 2 2 Easy 2017 2 1 Moderate 2016 1 1 Easy

## LIST of Concepts in Critical Reasoning: Cause and Effect

The concept of Immediate Cause: This is the cause that has occurred most recently

Concept of Principal Cause: This is the main cause responsible for an event. The immediate cause may or may not be the Principal cause

Concept of Independent cause: This is the cause that is independent of the events. It simply focuses on the concept that cause and effect may not have a direct relationship or any relationship at all

Elimination method : Concept of ruling out the possible alternative explanations

## Preparation Phase for Cause and Effect:

### LEVEL 1

• Students must be aware of basic concepts such as “Cause will occur before the Effect”.
• Students must learn about a basic condition for the event occurrence – that a circumstance is something without which the event cannot occur.
• Both the events express generalized results that may not be lacked by any specific cause but may influence certain other factors.
• Students must practice questions where the effects in both statements are caused by a third unknown event which may be the common cause of both events. They can use MBAP CAT E-book (Concept theory) study material for practice.

### LEVEL 2

• A student must know that the Cause is an event that leads to another event, which in turn is called the effect of the triggering event. If there is a sequence of events, the event responsible for the situation will give birth to the effect.
• It is to be kept in mind that any particular statement may play the role of both the cause as well as the effect, depending on the other states in whose respect this particular statement is being analyzed. Watching MBAP Live Lecture Recording (Basic) can help you with this.
• One will never be asked to comment on a statement for being a cause or effect at an absolute level. A student must practice questions that consists of a set of statements of which they will have to decide the role of a given statement as a cause or effect. You can find such examples in MBAP Previous year CAT question paper.

### LEVEL 3

The key to solving the Cause and Effect questions is that the candidate should always identify by going through the sequence of events which event will lead to which event.

Try to answer Cause and Effect questions from the advanced level of previous cat papers, mock tests, and materials. Finish all the concepts used, cause and effect examples, and questions given in the recommended book along with miscellaneous exercises. The Cause and Effect Reasoning questions from MBAP CAT E-book (Practice Questions) is very helpful. It is suggested to go through any one textbook simply to avoid confusion. Reference books by a few authors are helpful but a candidate should choose that totally based upon his standards. Taking too much time for advanced questions will be harmful to crack the exam. Finally, students need to practice as many questions as they can to get a hold of the concepts and find solutions fast. Consistent practice will always help a candidate to crack the cause & effect questions.

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